Diabetes mellitus is a condition that’s associated with high blood sugar, sugar in urine and abnormal glucose metabolism. When the condition arises during pregnancy and then disappears after birth, it’s known as GDM (gestational diabetes mellitus).
GDM is a condition that’s characterized by high blood glucose levels during pregnancy. GDM is the result of the hormonal changes which occur in women during pregnancy. The increased levels of some hormones produced in the placenta interfere with the insulin’s ability to manage the body’s glucose.
This particular condition is known as insulin resistance. As the placenta continues to grow during pregnancy, it makes more hormones which in turn increases the insulin resistance. The mother’s pancreas is usually able to make more insulin to overcome this insulin resistance. In case the pancreas can’t produce sufficient insulin to overcome this effect of the heightened levels of hormone during pregnancy, the levels of glucose will rise, which results in gestational diabetes.
Diabetes during pregnancy
Diabetes during pregnancy can cause lots of issues for both the baby and the mother. However, with good treatment, regular check ups and proper diet, one can stay well, and birth a healthy baby. If you’ve gestational diabetes, you will have to pay more attention to what you eat. Eating a well balanced, healthy diet will help you in managing gestational diabetes.
Here are some gestational diabetes diet recommendations for mothers who are expecting a baby soon:
Carbohydrate foods are normally broken down into glucose, and then used for energy. They’re very important for both the mother and the baby. In order to manage the levels of blood glucose, it’s important to spread the carbohydrate foods over three small meals and about 2 to 3 snacks every day. Here are some carbohydrates dietary recommended for gestational diabetic diet:
-Less than 1/2 of the calories you consume need to come from carbohydrates.
-Most carbohydrates are usually found in sugary and starchy foods which include; corn, bread, potatoes, rice, pasta, cereal, peas, corn, yogurt, milk, cookies, among others. The high fiber and whole grain carbohydrates are the best choices.
Include 2 servings of protein every day; protein is rather crucial for the growth and the maintenance of your body. Some great protein foods include; fish, lean meat, eggs, skinless chicken, and reduced fat cheese.
You should try limiting the amounts of fat you consume, especially saturated fats. You can opt for healthy fats such as Coconut Virgin Oil, olive, polyunsaturated oils and avocados. To limit the saturated fat intake choose skinless chicken, lean meats, low fat dairy foods whilst avoiding processed and takeaway foods. In short, you should try to limit your overall intake of fat foods.
Vegetables are great for your blood sugars and your health. Eat plenty of them. Eat 3 to 5 servings each day. 1 serving can include;
-1 cup of green, leafy vegetables
-1 cup of chopped or cooked raw leafy vegetables
-3/4 cup of vegetable juice
Some healthy vegetable options include;
-Frozen or fresh vegetables without any added fats, sauces, or salt
-Deep yellow or dark green vegetables, such as broccoli, spinach, carrots, romaine lettuce, and peppers
Eat 2 to 4 servings each day. One serving can include;
-1 whole fruit like a banana, orange or apple
-3/4 cup of fruit juice
More Tips on Gestational Diabetes Diet
-Choose lean proteins instead of fatty ones.
-Eat lots of vegetables and fruits.
-Stick to fat free or low fat dairy foods.
-Avoid all processed foods.
-Choose foods that are high in fiber like cereals, whole grain breads, fruits and vegetables.
-Drink at least 64 ounces (8 cups) of liquids each day.
-Ensure you’re getting enough minerals and vitamins in your daily diet.