Dandruff is a common embarrassing scalp condition that affects almost 50% of both men and women globally, causing social embarrassment as well as self-esteem problem.
This leads many people to seek external help. In the United States alone, dandruff and seborrheic dermatitis costs exceeded at $1.4 billion in terms of direct and indirect health care impact. 
What is Dandruff?
Excessive flaking or shedding of dead skin cells from scalp is called “dandruff”. Dandruff is medically termed as “Pityriasis Capitis”. Dandruff can range from mild to severe.
Severe form of dandruff may be caused by underlying fungal condition such as psoriasis or seborrheic dermatitis which affects not only the scalp but other skin parts of the body too.
In a nutshell, dandruff is a harmless condition in which the shedding of cells occurs in an abnormally faster rates. Dandruff is often associated with dry or oily skin and may also be accompanied by redness and irritation.
Presents of oil results in clumping of flakes to form scales. Flakes of dandruff are visible and it drops on the collar and shoulders. Therefore, it can be unpleasant and embarrassing.
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What are the Symptoms of Dandruff?
The signs and symptoms of dandruff include:
- Noticeable white flakes of dead skin cells in the hair and on shoulders
- Itchy scaling that appears on the scalp or eyebrows
Causes of Dandruff
The true cause of dandruff is actually by yeast infection called “Malassezia” – a natural fungus that grows harmlessly on scalp and feeds on pores and skin oils. This fungus Malassezia Globosa utilizes enzymes known as lipases to metabolize the oils, making a by-product referred to as oleic acid.
The acid penetrates your skin and triggers skin cell shedding.This fungus grows out of control in areas of the scalp that are more oiler, thereby, blocking the sebaceous glands which lead to itching.
While not directly responsible, other possible risk factors for dandruff include:
- toxic overload of the system by wrong feeding
- nutritional deficiencies
- overuse of harsh hair products such as shampoos, hair conditioners, hairsprays, gels and hair mousses
- emotional stress and general exhaustion
- other skin problems such as eczema or psoriasis
- presence of candida; parasite
- neurological ailments such as Parkinson’s disease, dementia
- suppression of the immune system
- washing your hair way too much or way too little
- exposed to extreme temperature (hot and humid or cold and dry), the risk of developing dandruff is greater
- constipation and decreased vitality due to preset infectious
- recovery from chronic health problems such as stroke or heart attack
- hormonal changes
The treatment of dandruff has to be constitutional, if looking for long term treatment is preferred. The foremost consideration in the treatment of this disorder is to keep the hair and scalp clean so as to minimize the accumulation of dead cells.
While many people resort to using anti-dandruff shampoos to treat it, but the problem with these conventional treatments is that they’re usually ineffective that treats only one symptom in which the results don’t last.
However, there are a number of effective natural home remedies for dandruff which can be used instead.
Listed below are just a few natural home remedies for dandruff that are worth trying and put an end to dandruff. You may mixed the available ingredients for better results.
1. Apple Cider Vinegar (ACV)
It helps prevent itching of the scalp, baldness and dry hair as well as banishes dandruff. ACV will help restore proper acid/alkaline equilibrium to scalp, do before every shampoo. [5-6]
1. Put 2-3 Tbsps. Apple Cider Vinegar in cup – part hair in sections and sponge ACV directly on scalp and wrap head with towel.
2. Leave it for about 30-45 minutes and rinse it with warm water.
2. Fenugreek Seeds
Fenugreek seeds contain protein and lecithin that helps from dandruff, hair fall and other scalp issues. It also support hydrates the hair and offers strength to the roots.
Two teaspoons of fenugreek seeds should be soaked overnight in water and grounded into a fine paste in the morning. The fenugreek seeds paste should be used all over the scalp and left it for 30-45 minutes. Then, the hair should be washed thoroughly with warm water. 
Lemon’s citric acid helps fight dandruff from the roots of the hair follicles and helps the pH balance of your scalp. It also consists of anti fungal-properties which is beneficial to fight dandruff.
A hair rinse using lemon juice and water is able to remove any buildup of oil and dust from scalp and hair. 
Just massage 2 tablespoons lemon juice into your scalp and rinse with warm water. Then stir one tablespoon of lemon juice into one cup water and rinse your hair with it. This not only leaves the hair glowing but also removes stickiness and prevents dandruff.  Repeat this daily until your dandruff disappears.
4. Aloe Vera
Aloe Vera contains a natural anti-fungal property so that regular use will not only help get rid of dandruff, but will also help hold it from coming back. It also contain have anti-inflammatory compounds, named glycoproteins, that support soothe the annoying itching sensation that goes hand-in-hand with dandruff.
Aloe vera gel soothes and moisturizes the dry skin of the scalp while the polysaccharides stimulate healthy new skin growth and help it to repair itself.
Simply apply Aloe Vera gel onto the scalp and left overnight. Massaging aloe into the scalp can also cause more blood to flow to this area. The cooling effects of aloe vera will soothe the itch.
The next morning, rinse it with lukewarm water. This treatment should be repeated for at least one or two per week for best outcome.  At the end of this time period, a visible big difference should take place.
The scalp will be much more healthy and less dry and flaky or scaly. And at the same time, the hair will be more healthier, shinier, softer and more manageable.
You may possibly also combine the aloe vera with other herbs or essential oils to eradicate dandruff completely such as:
Aloe Vera and Tea Tree Oil
Aloe Vera and Fenugreek
Aloe Vera and Lemon Juice
5. Virgin Coconut Oil
Virgin Coconut Oil (VCO) is one of the most effective home remedy for dandruff. Virgin Coconut Oil has anti-fungal properties that aid fight the Malassezia Globosa fungus.
The antimicrobial property of coconut oil aids to remove and prevent the growth of this fungus on the scalp, thereby curing dandruff and restoring the health of the hair to make it look voluminous and beautiful.
The antiseptic properties of the coconut oil destroy the fungus.
Like any treatment method for dandruff, like anti-fungal chemical compounds such as selenium disulfide or ketoconazole, coconut oil cannot fully rid the body of the infection.
Once a person is infected with Malassezia globosa fungus, it tends to stick all around for life, so the only thing you can do is to maintain it under control. 
Massage coconut oil directly onto the scalp and let it soak in for 15-30 minutes or overnight, rinse it afterwards with fresh lemon juice and warm water. Repeat the process every 2-5 days for best result.
6. Baking Soda
Baking soda helps wash off dead skin cells and absorbs excess oil, leaving your hair clean and soft. Baking soda is a folk remedy that is used for centuries to treat flaky, itchy dandruff as well as other scalp embarrassing problems, such as psoriasis and eczema.
Being an alkaline, it helps to balance the pH levels of the scalp and fights the growth of fungi that cause dandruff on regular use.
1. Wet your hair and make a paste of baking soda by mixing with a few drops of water.
2. Massage a handful of baking soda onto your scalp using your fingertips.
3. Leave it for couple of minutes and rinse your hair with warm water.
4. Repeat this procedure 2-3 times a week.
7. Olive Oil
Olive oil has been around for centuries to treat dandruff and effective natural moisturizer by flaking off dead skin cells on the scalp.
1. Warm extra virgin olive oil until it is slightly warm. Olive oil must be for better consistency and can effectively treat a dry and flaky scalp.
2. Rub it onto your scalp and then wrap your hair in a warm towel.
3. Leave it on for at least 45 minutes or overnight and then shampoo and condition your hair.
4. Repeat this remedy a few times a week.
8. Tea Tree Oil
Tea tree oil has strong anti-fungal qualities, making it an excellent remedies for dandruff. Tea tree is a native plant in eastern Australia. Tea tree oil has been widely used for centuries as a natural cure for different health ailments such as acne, and other fungal infections.
Since tea tree oil has a strong anti-fungal properties that kills the bacteria, making it a good treatment for dandruff. The most essential component of this oil is called terpinen-4-ol that has anti-fungal properties and anti-bacteria that helps to treat any scalp illnesses.
1. Apply a few drops of tea tree oil on your shampoo – preferably organic shampoo with no harsh ingredients in it.
2. Add 1-2 drops of tea tree oil per once of shampoo.
3. You may also dilute the oil by adding a few drops of tea tree oil to a tablespoon of coconut oil, olive oil or eucalyptus essential oil.
4. Use as a shampoo, leave it for at least 30-45 minutes or overnight and then wash your hair with warm water.
5. Repeat at least twice a week.
Garlic is touted as an excellent anti-fungal remedies for dandruff. The natural anti-biotic and allicin present in garlic are perfect for eliminating fungus and candida that lives on the scalp.
1. Crush garlic with a little bit of honey and massage into the scalp
2. Leave it for 15-30 minutes
3. Rinse it with warm water.
10. Green Tea
Another home remedies for dandruff is with the use of green tea. Green tea will not only prevent dandruff, but will strengthen the growing hair. The hair and scalp are left clean after using a green tea rinse. It will also provide minerals as energy for the dividing follicular cells
Also Read: Benefits of Drinking Green Tea
If you’ve got any positive results with these natural remedies for dandruff or want to add your tested and proven remedies for dandruff, feel free to share your experience on the comment section below.
1. DR Bickers, et al, The burden of skin diseases: 2004, a joint project of the American Academy of Dermatology Association and the Society for Investigative Dermatology, J Am Acad Dermatol 55, 490-500 (2006).
2. “What’s Your Best Advice for Dandruff“, mercola.com, (June 30, 2009)
3. YM DeAngelis, et al, Isolation and expression of a Malassezia globosa lipase gene, LIP1, J Invest Dermatol 127, 2138-2146 (2007)
4. Complete Handbook of Nature Cure Shri H. K. Bakhru 5th Revised Edition
5. Paul C. Bragg & Patricia Bragg, Apple Cider Vinegar Miracle Health System, 26, fifty-fourth edition.
6. “How I cured my dandruff by 95%”, youtube.com. April 30, 2011
7. Alternate Remedies – Common Diseases www.spandane.com Compiled by Spandane pp 16
8. ‘Dr. Oz Shows How to Use Lemons as Deodorant and Dandruff Treatment‘, youtube.com, October 16, 2014
10. What Can Aloe Do To Your Dandruff, March 17, 2011
12. Home Remedy Survival Blueprint by Barton Publishing (2011)